Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education

The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) is the body responsible for accrediting all graduate medical training programs (i.e., internships, residencies, and fellowships, a.k.a. subspecialty programs) for physicians in the United States. It is a non-profit private council that evaluates and accredits medical residency and internship programs.

History

The ACGME was founded in 1981 and was preceded by the Liaison Committee for Graduate Medical Education, which was established in 1972.[1] The ACGME currently oversees the post-graduate education and training for all MD and DO physicians in the United States.[2]

The ACGME's member organizations are the American Board of Medical Specialties, American Hospital Association, American Medical Association, Association of American Medical Colleges, American Osteopathic Association (AOA), American Association of Colleges of Osteopathic Medicine (AACOM), and the Council of Medical Specialty Societies each of whom appoints members to the ACGME's board of directors.[citation needed]

In 2014, the ACGME, the American Osteopathic Association (AOA) and the American Association of Colleges of Osteopathic Medicine (AACOM) announced an agreement to pursue a single, unified accreditation system for graduate medical education programs in the United States beginning in 2015. Plans called for the ACGME to accredit all osteopathic graduate medical education programs, which went into effect on July 1, 2020.

Projects

The Clinical Learning Environment Review project promotes patient safety, quality during changes in care, appropriate supervision of care, managing fatigue of residents, and increasing the professionalism of physicians.[3]

From July 1, 2015, to June 30, 2020, the American Osteopathic Association (AOA), American Association of Colleges of Osteopathic Medicine (AACOM) and the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) worked on a single accreditation system for all US residency programs.[4] Before this date, only MD residencies were ACGME-accredited, while DO residencies were AOA-accredited.

Outcome Project

The Outcome Project began in 2001 with a set of assessments for measuring physician competence.[5] By 2009, it was recognized that ACGME measurements could not reliably be evaluated independently of each other and instead should be used together and with other measurements.[6]

The ACGME introduced milestones in internal medicine, pediatrics, and surgery for assessing progress of residents toward the six identified competencies.[7] Milestones can be evaluated by numerous methods ranging from direct observation of clinical encounters to medical simulation.[7][8]

Awards

Awards handed out by the ACGME include the David C Leach award and Palmer award.[9][10][11] Many of the awardees have notably earned multiple national level awards including both ACGME and American Medical Association award recognition.[12]

See also

References

  1. ^ "ACGME". Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education. Archived from the original on 13 August 2007. Retrieved 2007-08-18.
  2. ^ Salsberg, Edward. "Testimony to United States House of Representatives Committee on the Judiciary Subcommittee on Immigration, Border Security, and Claims" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on September 13, 2007. Retrieved October 30, 2007. Association of American Medical Colleges. accessed Oct 2007.
  3. ^ Weiss, Kevin B.; Wagner, Robin; Nasca, Thomas J. (2012). "Development, Testing, and Implementation of the ACGME Clinical Learning Environment Review (CLER) Program". Journal of Graduate Medical Education. 4 (3): 396–398. doi:10.4300/JGME-04-03-31. ISSN 1949-8349. PMC 3444205. PMID 23997895.
  4. ^ "Single GME transition". osteopathic.org.
  5. ^ Swing, Susan R.; Clyman, Stephen G.; Holmboe, Eric S.; Williams, Reed G. (2009). "Advancing Resident Assessment in Graduate Medical Education". Journal of Graduate Medical Education. 1 (2): 278–286. doi:10.4300/JGME-D-09-00010.1. ISSN 1949-8349. PMC 2931233. PMID 21975993.
  6. ^ Lurie, SJ; Mooney, CJ; Lyness, JM (March 2009). "Measurement of the general competencies of the accreditation council for graduate medical education: a systematic review". Academic Medicine. 84 (3): 301–9. doi:10.1097/acm.0b013e3181971f08. PMID 19240434.
  7. ^ a b Holmboe ES, Yamazaki K, Edgar L, Conforti L, Yaghmour N, Miller RS, Hamstra SJ (September 2015). "Reflections on the First 2 Years of Milestone Implementation". J Grad Med Educ. 7 (3): 506–11. doi:10.4300/JGME-07-03-43. PMC 4597976. PMID 26457171.
  8. ^ Isaak RS, Chen F, Martinelli SM, Arora H, Zvara DA, Hobbs G, Stiegler MP (June 2018). "Validity of Simulation-Based Assessment for Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education Milestone Achievement". Simul Healthc. 13 (3): 201–210. doi:10.1097/SIH.0000000000000285. PMID 29373383. S2CID 25634686.
  9. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-03-22. Retrieved 2011-03-10.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  10. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-07-20. Retrieved 2011-03-10.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  11. ^ "Account Suspended".
  12. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-09-28. Retrieved 2011-04-06.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

External links