The president of the USA of America has a considerable impact on how the enviornment responds to worldwide crises, equal to wars, world pandemics and native climate alternate.
So when the election comes spherical each 4 years, there’s fairly plenty of curiosity within the stop end result however now not fairly plenty of notion about how the job works.
Even proper right here at BBC Information, we dangle acquired to remind ourselves how the electoral school works and what a battleground disclose is.
So everytime you occur to’re searching for a refresher or seeking to are conscious about it for the precept time, this simple information to the US election will help.
When is the election and who’re the candidates?
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The election for president on a regular basis falls on the precept Tuesday in November, which method this time spherical it’s on three November.
Not like many various international locations, the US political system is dominated by trustworthy appropriate two events, so the president on a regular basis belongs to one among them.
The Republicans are the conservative political birthday celebration within the US and their candidate on this yr’s election is President Donald Trump, who’s hoping to steady however some other 4 years in energy.
The Democrats are the liberal political birthday celebration within the US and their candidate is Joe Biden, an skilled politician finest-identified for serving as Barack Obama’s vp for eight years.
Every males are of their 70s – Mr Trump could be 74 years extinct on the open of his second time period, whereas at 78, Mr Biden will likely be the oldest first-term president in historic earlier.
How is the winner determined?
The winner is now not on a regular basis the candidate who wins most votes nationally – as Hillary Clinton came upon out in 2016.
As an alternative, candidates compete to seize electoral school votes. Every disclose will get a specific collection of electoral school votes in accordance with its inhabitants and there are a complete of 538 up for grabs, so the winner is the candidate that wins 270 or extra.
This sort that when anyone votes for his or her most well-liked candidate, they’re voting in a disclose-stage contest reasonably than a nationwide one.
All however two states dangle a winner-takes-all rule, so whichever candidate wins the preferrred collection of votes is awarded the full disclose’s electoral school votes.
Most states lean closely in path of 1 birthday celebration or the diversified, which method the candidates degree of curiosity their efforts on a dozen or so states the place each of them may perchance properly clutch. These are recognized as a result of the battleground states.
Who can vote and the plot wherein attain they attain it?
Everytime you occur to’re a US citizen and in addition you’re 18 or over, you’re eligible to vote within the presidential election.
On the alternative hand, fairly plenty of states dangle handed jail pointers requiring voters to converse identification paperwork to converse who they’re earlier than they will vote.
These jail pointers are in general place into house by Republicans who hiss they’re desired to protect towards voter fraud. However Democrats accuse them of using this as a safe of voter suppression as it’s in general poorer, minority voters who’re unable to safe ID love a driving licence.
The in depth majority of of us vote at a polling pickle on election day, however different packages of voting dangle been on the upward thrust in newest years. In 2016, 21% of oldsters that voted did so by publish.
How of us vote is a contentious disclose this yr on account of the coronavirus pandemic. Some politicians are calling for wider exhaust of postal ballots, however President Trump has mentioned – with minute or no proof – that this might lead to extra voter fraud.
Is the election trustworthy appropriate about who’s president?
No. All the eye will likely be on Trump vs Biden, however voters will moreover be selecting up to date contributors of Congress after they take pleasure in of their ballots.
Democrats dangle already purchased retain a watch on of the Dwelling so that they will be taking a ogle to retain maintain of that whereas moreover gaining retain a watch on of the Senate.
Inside the occasion that they’d a majority in each chambers they’d be prepared to dam or lengthen President Trump’s plans if he had been to be re-elected.
All 435 seats within the Dwelling are up for election this yr, whereas 33 Senate seats are moreover up for grabs.
When will we uncover out the ultimate end result?
It should choose a number of days for each vote to be counted, but it surely’s sometimes comparatively certain who the winner is by the early hours of the subsequent morning.
In 2016, Donald Trump took to the stage in Modern York at about 3am to supply his victory speech in entrance of a crowd of jubilant supporters.
However don’t place your apprehension clocks trustworthy appropriate however. Officers are already warning that we may perchance dangle to once more longer – perchance days, even weeks – for the ultimate end result this yr on account of the anticipated surge in postal ballots.
The ultimate time the ultimate end result wasn’t certain inside just a few hours grew to become in 2000, when the winner wasn’t confirmed besides a Supreme Court docket ruling grew to become made a month later.
When does the winner choose house of job?
If Joe Biden wins the election, he wouldn’t straight change President Trump as there may be a place transition interval to supply the up to date chief time to nominate cupboard ministers and produce plans.
The up to date president is formally sworn into house of job on 20 January in a ceremony recognized as a result of the inauguration, which is held on the steps of the Capitol developing in Washington DC.
After the ceremony, the up to date president makes their method to the White Dwelling to open their four-year time period reasonably than job.
Written and produced by Mike Hills, Evisa Terziu and Prina Shah.